الدكتور تيسير محمد الزيادات
الدكتور كفايت الله همداني
Najeeb Mehfooz was born on 11thSeptember 1911, in Cairo. Mahfouz started to read various books in the Arab and International Literature at the beginning of his life. He then joined Cairo University in 1930. He studied philosophy and during his University studies he also worked as a magazine editor. His fame and reputation in literary circles started when he wrote some short stories and novels after the augmented readings in several models of the story in non-Arabic literature. His works contributed to the portrayal of popular life style in the Egypt. He obtained many local and international awards, most notably the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1988.
Najeeb Mehfooz died in Giza (Cairo) on Wednesday, August 30, 2006 and left for us a big number of literary works that contributed to the development of Arabic prose. One of his most famous novel is “Gossip over the Nile”, He wrote this novel in 1966, and raised the authorities in the time of Jamal Abdul Nasir; because it drew a sharp political criticism at that time. The story revolves around a buoy on the banks of the Nile. Every night, a group of friend’s men’s and women’s from different professions and jobs meet in a council called “Kef” (how). They discuss their life and fantasize about their community. Some among them returns to their homes. But one person called Anis is unique from some of the pioneers of the buoy, to achieve his desire and the worldly degeneracy. Anis Zaki (The Hero), Ahmad Nasar, Mustafa Rashid, Ali Al Sayyed, Khalid Azooz and Rajab Al Qazi are the famous characters of the novel.The novel has fantastic aesthetics & stylistics language. He used the inspirational language in which the narration is combined with the stream of consciousness. For example in one place of the novel Najeeb Mahfooz says:“It was not surprising that the Egyptians worshiped Pharaoh, but it is strange that Pharaoh truly believed that he is God”. This was a clear gesture to the leaders of Egypt of that time, that the people who subjected them with force by various kinds of torture should not believe they are gods.
Keywords: Novel, aesthetics, characters, Nile, Gossip, Buoy (floating house).